What Is Titanium Good For?
Titanium has a wide range of applications in almost every industry. To understand the various applications of titanium better, it’s important to know that there are multiple structural types of it. This could help you when developing new products or constructing industrial machinery.
Pure alpha titanium alloys are not heat treatable, but very weldable. They usually offer low to medium strength, however they do have the highest corrosion resistance out of the three types. This is a great choice if you need your product to work well at cryogenic temperatures. They also contain neutral alloying elements, like tin, and alpha stabilizers, like aluminum. An example is Ti6Al4V, which is a very common alloy in power generators and engine components.
These alloys are also heat treatable, and mostly weldable. They contain both alpha and beta stabilizers, making them more flexible. This is also a commonly found titanium. One example is Gal 4V Titanium, which offers corrosion resistance and high strength at low-moderate temperatures. It can be found in medical devices, aircraft components, auto parts, marine equipment and sports equipment.
Pure beta alloys offer high strength. Unlike alphas, they are heat treatable because they contain beta stabilizers, which allow them to retain their beta phase upon quenching. Most betas are weldable. They can be solution treated and aged to increase their strength even further. They can be either stable or meta-stable, depending on your needs. For example, Beta C Grade 20 alloys do well in extremely sour environments, even at high temperatures.
Depending on what you are constructing or building, you may have different strength, heat conductivity and resistance needs. Put in the time to research specific kinds of titanium alloys to make an informed decision. No matter what you are looking for, titanium usually holds a solution!